COVID-19: MYTHS vs REALITY

IN the current situation, our surroundings are busted with two deadly viruses the false news virus and the corona itself, and you can never tell which one is more harmful.

With the disease and its effects getting worse with every passing day, health care professionals and governments have to deal with a lot of, misconceptions, in addition to shortage and loopholes in the health care system.

Let’s break the code of some of the most heard myths and dig down to know how far they are true.Starting with the most common myth worldwide.

Its just a flu.

False. It’s not just the generic flu, the flu people have been getting shots of anti-viral were “just flu” because we have the definite medicine and the virus seemed to be responding to it almost every time. but this time the virus came with all the modifications that are rejecting the long used antiviral I.e. oseltamivir making it worse than “just the flu”.

It only effects children upto 5 years or older more than 65 years.

False.the recent data clearly shows that this virus is not obeying any race, color, age boundaries. Yes, people with chronic diseases i.e. asthma, cold, diabetes, heart diseases, etc. or autoimmune diseases or smokers develop a more severe illness like there are more chances of people with any pre-existing medical condition to end up in I.C.U. on ventilators and otherwise healthy people to get better without any medications,But its nearly impossible even for the healthy 18 years old to get better without religiously obeying the self-isolation,cleanliness rules as defined by W.H.O.. Otherwise , we are not short of cases of young otherwise healthy individuals dying at 15,18,20,32,42 years age of this virus. So, prevention is the only vaccine.

Vaccine will be made soon,as the world is working hard on it.

False. There is no doubt that the world most renown scientists are working day and night ,and a lot of money being spend to find the cure ,but that’s not a simple process it includes many phases and may take upto 1 year or more to officially announce a drug as a vaccine or cure of this virus .lets apprehend it from a simple example,in Philippine when dengue outbreak was faced the government directed health care provider to make a vaccine immediately and gave a booster dose to all, and because of lack of time the drug was not tested on children later on it results in 800 deaths of children. Hence, a well-tested vaccine is required not just something to be made in laboratory and made available at first hand to people it may cause more harm then favor, especially for a virus which is mutated really fast.

Hydoxycholoroquine combined with azithromycin can cure covid ,so we should take it prophylactically?

Partly true. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of malaria, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, but preliminary research in human suggests that the drugs could effectively treat COVID-19.and also there are some proven cases in which HCQ combined with antibiotic (azithromycin) can help. Basically the spikes on the virus attached to ace receptors on cell membrane and thus enters the cells where through lysosomal activity can use cells machinery to regenerate themselves so what HCQ does is it inhibits the lysosomal activity thus stopping the process.

For antibiotic they work quite simple they don’t allow the spike protein to bind with the ace-2 receptors and thus the virus cant enter.

But, both of these drugs when used in combination can result in prolonged qt-interval that can make heart beat abnormal leading to arrythmias or even death. For example, people who have any cardiac disease and are using digitoxin or those women taking timoxen for breast cancer in both of them this combination therapy can have worse effects. So, it is advised to not use it on ur own use it under your doctor supervision in hospital and get an ecg after 2 hours of first dose to see if any ecg changes present.

Cloth masks are of no use ?

False.it is as simple as the rule of having something is better than nothing. As cloth masks mostly made of cotton can actually stop droplets upto some extent so they are help ful to safe you from those who are sneezing or coughing.but ,yes if you are a confirmed case its better to use surgical mask.but definitely that’s a bad idea here.

We cant do anything about it?

False.you definitely can flatten the curve by staying home ,restricting contact ,washing hands every 2hours for straight 20 sec , not touching your face with dirty hands ,coughing and sneezing in your elbow ,self-isolating yourself for 14 days if you have any symptoms as described.

COVID-19 vs Human Race: What You Should Know About

Thus, What is Corona Disease?

Corona — “the crown”, a name specified to the virus because of its appearance using the microscope, which is an infectious disease, also famous as COVID-19 (Co=COrona, Vi=VIrus, D=Disease, 19=as the first case was reported in the year 2019).

From Where This Corona Disease Originated?

This is not a novel virus, it was previously there, as a quiet partner belonging to the identical family of viruses affecting many individuals back in 2002 and 2004, transferred from infected animal’s respiratory excretions and discharges. Few deaths (roughly seven hundred) were also reported with a spread in about 24 different countries.

Current Situation Regarding the Novel Corona Virus Disease

Coronavirus is the ailment which is an irresistible malady brought about by another infection/virus. Corona is known as “the crown” because when it is observed under the microscope it appears like that. In the current situation, it is named COVID-19 which stands to be as Corona Virus Disease in 2019.
This disease is the result of a virus called SARSCOV-2 stands as a severe acute respiratory syndrome- coronavirus -2, as the name shows it has already its first type but the symptoms were less severe than the present condition.

What are the major indications of COVID-19?

Majorly, the people got the victims of this virus to face the difficulty in breathing or respiratory problems from mild to direct. The symptoms include cough, fever (>100 oC), shortness of breath, myalgias (Myalgias can be defined as muscle aches. Myalgias can be a deep, constant, dull
ache, or a sharp, sporadic ache.)
At this time, there is a need to understand that there is no vaccine or complete treatment is available for this outbreak. However, there are many current types of research and clinical experimentation is underworking. So the best way to fight with this pandemic is to follow the precautions as much as we can to not only keep us away from this but also our loved ones.

What we have to do?

Remain mindful of the most recent data on the COVID-19 episode, accessible on the WHO site and through your national and nearby general wellbeing authority. Numerous nations around the globe have seen instances of COVID-19 and a few have seen episodes. Experts in China and some different nations have prevailed with regards to easing back or halting
their flare-ups. Be that as it may, the circumstance is erratic so check normally for the most recent news.
We can lessen the chances of being caught by this pandemic with the help of some simple and effective precautionary measures:


• Wash your hands with some alcoholic hand rub or soap for at least 20 seconds to kill viruses that may be having a party on your hands and planning to land on your face.
• Social distancing in this scenario is as effective as taking advice from your advisor.
• 1 m distance between yourself and the next person to you.
• Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth as it can affect your beauty.
• Take proper sleep as it will make your immune system strong and healthy.
• Stay at home if you are not feeling well or if you have not as urgent work as a meeting with Bill Gates.
• Try to have an up to date information about this virus.
• Traveling within or outside cities, countries should be avoided.
• Use sanitizer after an hour or two.
• Self-isolation is the best pill to take if you are feeling even a mild symptom.

COVID-19 updates in Pakistan:

In Pakistan, even under lock down the number of patients is increasing day by day. In the picture below the graphical representation of a number of cases, the versus date has shown and it clearly shows that with each passing day this number is getting bigger.

As the death rate from this virus is not so deadly but still it can cause devastating outcomes if the precautionary measures will be taken for granted.

Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses:

Coronaviruses belongs to the race of viruses that cause sickness ranging from the common cold to more severe infections. The novel coronavirus (covid-19) is found in animals and transmitted from animals to human beings and then from human to human through close interaction.

Two major coronaviruses also reported other than the covid-19 which have been transmitted from animals to humans and cause illness in humans. These are SAR-s CoV (Severe Acute Respiratory-syndrome Coronavirus) and MER-s CoV (Middle East Respiratory-syndrome Coronavirus).

Symptoms:

The symptoms for the novel coronavirus (covid-19) ranges from mild to severe. This virus takes two days to half of the month to develop after exposure for symptoms. These foremost symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Cough
  • Shortness of the breath
  • sore throat

The humans with weak immune systems may develop serious infections, such as kidney failure, pneumonia, or even death.